Thursday, 26 October 2017

2 texts often miunderstood OR misinterpreted regd Jihad

We have demonstrated that it is a principle in Islam that there is no compulsion in religion and we have discussed the objectives of jihad. Now, we shall turn our attentions to some texts that are often misunderstood.

One of these is the verse: “But when the forbidden months are past, then fight the pagans wherever you find them, and seize them and beleaguer them and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war). But if they repent and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them, for Allah is oft-forgiving, most merciful.” [Surah al-Tawbah: 5]

Some people – especially some contemporary non-Muslim critics of Islam – have tried to claim that this verse abrogates the verse “Let there be no compulsion in religion.” They argue that the generality of this statement implies that every unbeliever who refuses to accept Islam must be fought. They support their allegation by pointing out that this verse is one of the last verses to be revealed about fighting.

However, this verse in no way abrogates the principle in Islamic Law that there is no compulsion in religion. It may be general in wording, but its meaning is quite specific on account of other verses of the Qur’an that are connected with it as well as on account of a number of pertinent hadith. We will be discussing these texts shortly.

The people being referred to by this verse are the pagan Arabs who had been waging war against the Prophet (peace be upon him) and who had broken their covenant and treaties with him. This verse is not speaking about the other pagan Arabs who did not break their treaties and take up arms against the Muslims. It is also most definitely not speaking about the Jews or Christians, or, for that matter, the pagans who were living outside of Arabia.

If we look at the verses in Surah al-Tawbah immediately before and after the one under discussion, the context of the verse becomes clear.

A few verses before the one we are discussing, Allah says: “There is a declaration of immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those of the pagans with whom you have contracted mutual alliances. Go then, for four months, to and fro throughout the land. But know that you cannot frustrate Allah that Allah will cover with shame those who reject Him.” [Surah al-Tawbah: 1-2]

In these verses we see that the pagans were granted a four month amnesty with an indication that when the four months were over, fighting would resume. However, a following verse exempts some of them from the resumption of hostilities. It reads: “Except for those pagans with whom you have entered into a covenant and who then do not break their covenant at all nor aided anyone against you. So fulfill your engagements with them until the end of their term, for Allah loves the righteous.” [Surah al-Tawbah: 4]

So when Allah says: “But when the forbidden months are past, then fight the pagans wherever you find them, and seize them and beleaguer them and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war)” we must know that it is not general, since the verse above has qualified it to refer to the pagan Arabs who were actually at war with the Prophet (peace be upon him) and those who broke their covenants of peace.

This is further emphasized a few verses later where Allah says: “Will you not fight people who broke their covenants and plotted to expel the Messenger and attacked you first?” [Surah al-Tawbah: 13]
Ibn al-`Arabi, in his commentary on the Qur’an, writes: “It is clear from this that the meaning of this verse is to kill the pagans who are waging war against you.” [Ahkam al-Qur’an: (2/456)]
Allah also say right after the verse under discussion: “How can there be a covenant before Allah and His Messenger with the pagans except those with whom you have made a treaty near the Sacred Mosque? As long as they stand true to you, stand true to them, for Allah does love the righteous.” [Surah al-Tawbah: 7]

Another misunderstood text is the hadith where the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “I have been commanded to fight the people until they bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that I am Allah’s Messenger. If they do so, then there blood and their wealth are inviolable except in the dispensation of justice, and their affair is with Allah.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

There can be no qualms about this hadith’s authenticity, since it is recorded in both Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. However, this hadith is also not to be taken generally, out of context, and in complete disregard to all the other textual evidence.
The term “people” here is not referring to all humanity. Ibn Taymiyyah says: “It refers to fighting those who are waging war, whom Allah has permitted us to fight. It does not refer to those who have a covenant with us with whom Allah commands us to fulfill our covenant.” [Majmu` al-Fatawa (19/20)]

Islam commands the Muslims to be just with people of other faiths, whether they be Jews, Christians, or pagans. Islam calls us to treat them kindly and try to win their hearts as long as they do not take up arms against us. Allah says: “Allah forbids you not with regard to those who neither fight against you for your faith nor drive you out of your homes from dealing kindly and justly with them, for Allah loves those who are just.” [Surah al-Mumtahanah: 9-10]

Allah commands Muslims to respect their non-Muslim parents and to accompany them in this world in a good manner.
The Qur’an commands us to argue with them in the best manner. Allah says: “Argue with the People of the Scripture in the best manner except those among them who act oppressively. Say: We believe in the revelation that has come down to us and in that which came down to you. Our God and your God is one, and it is to Him we submit ourselves as Muslims.” [Surah al-`Ankabut: 46]

We are ordered to uphold our covenants with the non-Muslims and not betray them or transgress against them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave a stern warning to us against killing a non-Muslim with whom we are at peace. He said: “Whoever kills one with whom we have a covenant will not smell the scent of Paradise.” [Sahih Muslim]

The faith of a Muslim is not acceptable unless he believes in all of the Prophets who were sent before (peace be upon them all). Allah says: “O you who believe! Believe in Allah, His Messenger, the scripture that He revealed to His messenger and the scripture that he revealed before. Whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His Messengers, and the Last Day has gone far astray.” [Surah al-Nisa’: 136]

Wednesday, 18 October 2017

4 great Favours upon us ! العثيمين

The Four Greatest Favors bestowed upon man


 Shaykh Uthaymeen   said in his explanation of Riyadis Saliheen 


 1. Islam 

 The greatest favor Allah has blessed His slaves with is the favor of Islam, which Allah
diverted many of the people away from. Allah the Exalted said “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Soorah Al-Mā'idah 5:3) Thus if the person finds that Allah has favored him with Islam, and Allah has opened his heart towards it; this is the greatest blessing.

2. Intellect

Next is the blessing of intellect. Thus when the person sees someone who has been tested in their intellect so he is not able to handle his affairs properly and perhaps he harms himself and his family, then let him praise Allah for this favor; for surely it is a tremendous blessing.

3. Safety and security

The favor of safety in the homeland, surely it is from the greatest favors. An example of this is what occurred to our fathers and grandfathers from great fear in this country. We were told that if one of them left the home to go to Fajr prayer he would always carry a weapon with him, fearing someone would attack him. Thus, there is no favor comparable to the favor of safety except the favors of Islam and intellect.

4. Subsistence and livelihood

Allah has favored us—especially in this country (Saudi Arabia) with comfort, it comes to us from everywhere. We are experiencing a great deal of good and all praises belong to Allah. Our homes are filled with provisions. A spread of food for one person suffices two, three or more. This is also from the favors. Therefore it is obligatory upon us to show gratitude to Allah the Exalted for these great favors and we must be obedient to Him so He will increase His favors upon us. Because Allah the Exalted said “And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: "If you give thanks I will give you more (of My Blessings), but if you are ungrateful, verily! My Punishment is indeed severe.(Soorah
Ibrāhīm 14:7)

Translator’s note: Most of us reading this have been blessed with all four of the greatest favors given to man.

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Salafi Da'wah (to Tawheed) vs the Ikhwani call (political) ! ربيع السنة

✒️ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺭﺑﻴﻊ ﺑﻦ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﺧﻠﻲ ﺣﻔﻈﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ :

° ﻭ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ : ﻟﻤّﺎ ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪًﺍ (ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ) ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﺟﺒﺎﺑﺮﺓ ﻋﺘﺎﺓ ﻇﻠﻤﺔ ﻳﺤﻜﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻧﺰل ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ، ﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻳﻦ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ؟ !!

ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﻛﺬﺍ ، ﻭ ﻗﻴﺼﺮ ﻛﺬﺍ ،
ﻭ ﻓﻼﻥ ﻛﺬﺍ ، ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻛﺬﺍ ،
ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻦ ﻛﺬﺍ ، ﻭ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻛﺬﺍ ...

ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ، ﻭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ، ﻭ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻠﻚ ، ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ؟ ﻷﻧﻬﻢ ﺃﻓﺴﺪﻭﺍ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺮَّﻓﻮﻩ .

ﻭ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻮﻑ ﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﻣﻊ ، ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺩﻭلة ، ﻭ ﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ، ﻭ ﻻ ﻃَﻮﻝ ، ﻭ ﻻ ﺷﻲﺀ ، ﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻤّﺎ
ﺍﻋﺘﺪﻭا ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﺍﺋﻊ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻒ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ، ﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﻡ ، ﺷﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ - ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ - ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ، ﻭﺃﻫﺎﻧﻬﻢ ،
ﻭﺃﺫﻟﻬﻢ ، ﻭﻧﺪﺩ ﺑﻬﻢ ، ﻷﻧﻬﻢ ﺃﺳﻮﺃ ﺣﺎﻟًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻤﺔ ، ﻷﻥ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ (الحكام) ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻣﻜﺸﻮﻑ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ .
ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﺟﺎﺟﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺒﺎﺭ
ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﻳُﻠﺒِّﺴﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ، ﻭ ﻳﺨﻠﻄﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻼﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﺍﻡ ، ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ : " ﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ "

{ﻓَﻮَﻳْﻞٌ ﻟِّﻠَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻳَﻜْﺘُﺒُﻮﻥَ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏَ ﺑِﺄَﻳْﺪِﻳﻬِﻢْ ﺛُﻢَّ ﻳَﻘُﻮﻟُﻮﻥَ ﻫَٰﺬَﺍ ﻣِﻦْ ﻋِﻨﺪِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻟِﻴَﺸْﺘَﺮُﻭﺍ ﺑِﻪِ ﺛَﻤَﻨًﺎ ﻗَﻠِﻴﻠًﺎ ۖ ﻓَﻮَﻳْﻞٌ ﻟَّﻬُﻢ ﻣِّﻤَّﺎ ﻛَﺘَﺒَﺖْ ﺃَﻳْﺪِﻳﻬِﻢْ ﻭَﻭَﻳْﻞٌ ﻟَّﻬُﻢ ﻣِّﻤَّﺎ ﻳَﻜْﺴِﺒُﻮﻥ}      [ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ-(79)]

{ﺍﺗَّﺨَﺬُﻭﺍ ﺃَﺣْﺒَﺎﺭَﻫُﻢْ ﻭَﺭُﻫْﺒَﺎﻧَﻬُﻢْ ﺃَﺭْﺑَﺎﺑًﺎ ﻣِّﻦ ﺩُﻭﻥِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻭَﺍﻟْﻤَﺴِﻴﺢَ ﺍﺑْﻦَ ﻣَﺮْﻳَﻢَ ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﺃُﻣِﺮُﻭﺍ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻟِﻴَﻌْﺒُﺪُﻭﺍ ﺇِﻟَٰﻬًﺎ ﻭَﺍﺣِﺪًﺍ ۖ ﻟَّﺎ ﺇِﻟَٰﻪَ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻫُﻮَ ۚ ﺳُﺒْﺤَﺎﻧَﻪُ ﻋَﻤَّﺎ ﻳُﺸْﺮِﻛُﻮﻥ}           [ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ-(31 ‏)‏]

ﺃﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﻭﻗﻴﺼﺮ ؟
ﺃﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻵﻥ ؟ !
ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﻃﺢ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻴﻞ ؟ !
ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻡ ؟ !
ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻮﺟﻬﻨﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ- ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﺤﺎﺕ ؟ !
ﺃﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻫﺪﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺃﻫﺪﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ -؟ !
ﻳﺒﺪﺀﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﺀﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ -ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ
ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ .-

ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻟﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻩ ﻟﻠﻬﺪﺍﻳﺔ ، ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ :
ﺃﻧﺖ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﻃﺎﻏﻮﺕ ، ﻭﺗﻨﺎﺯﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻟﻠّﻪ ، ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﻐﺘﺼﺐ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ، ﻣﺎﻗﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ، ﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ :

{ﺍﺫْﻫَﺐْ ﺇِﻟَﻰٰ ﻓِﺮْﻋَﻮْﻥَ ﺇِﻧَّﻪُ ﻃَﻐَﻰٰ ‏(17) ﻓَﻘُﻞْ ﻫَﻞ ﻟَّﻚَ ﺇِﻟَﻰٰ ﺃَﻥ ﺗَﺰَﻛَّﻰٰ ‏(18)}
ﻳﺘﺰﻛﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ، ﻭﻳﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ

{ﺍﺫْﻫَﺐْ ﺇِﻟَﻰٰ ﻓِﺮْﻋَﻮْﻥَ ﺇِﻧَّﻪُ ﻃَﻐَﻰٰ‏(17) ﻓَﻘُﻞْ ﻫَﻞ ﻟَّﻚَ ﺇِﻟَﻰٰ ﺃَﻥ ﺗَﺰَﻛَّﻰٰ ‏(18) ﻭَﺃَﻫْﺪِﻳَﻚَ ﺇِﻟَﻰٰ ﺭَﺑِّﻚَ ﻓَﺘَﺨْﺸَﻰٰ ‏(19) ﻓَﺄَﺭَﺍﻩُ ﺍﻟْﺂﻳَﺔَ ﺍﻟْﻜُﺒْﺮَﻯٰ ‏(20‏) ﻓَﻜَﺬَّﺏَ ﻭَﻋَﺼَﻰ}          ‏[ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ]

ﻛﺬﺑﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ؟
ﻛﺬﺑﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ، ﻭ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺧﻼﺹ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻠّﻪ ، ﻭ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ - ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ - ،

} ﻭَﻟَﻘَﺪْ ﺑَﻌَﺜْﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻛُﻞِّ ﺃُﻣَّﺔٍ ﺭَّﺳُﻮﻟًﺎ ﺃَﻥِ ﺍﻋْﺒُﺪُﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪَ ﻭَﺍﺟْﺘَﻨِﺒُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻄَّﺎﻏُﻮﺕَ ۖ { ‏[ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ : ٣٦ ‏] .
ﻳﺎ ﺇﺧﻮﺗﺎﻩ ، ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ
ﻫﻮ " ﺷﺮﻙ ﺍﻷﻭﺛﺎﻥ"
ﻫﻮ " ﺷﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﺭ "
ﻓﺎﻟﻄﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻠﺺ ﻟﻸﻣﺔ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺿﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻼﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﺎﻝ
ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻔﻘﻪ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ
ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻮﻡ ، ﻭ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻛﻤﻴﻦ .

ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ (عليه الصلاة والسلام) ﺑﺪﺃ ﺑﺄﺑﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ :
{ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﺑَﺖِ ﻟِﻢَ ﺗَﻌْﺒُﺪُ ﻣَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ﻳَﺴْﻤَﻊُ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﺒْﺼِﺮُ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﻐْﻨِﻲ ﻋَﻨﻚَ ﺷَﻴْﺌًﺎ} ‏      [ﺳﻮﺭﺓﻣﺮﻳﻢ ‏(42 ‏)‏]

📚 كتاب / ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ
طبعة مكتبة ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻱ .ﺹ(١٦٥-١٦٨).

Why should we seek ilm from the Senior scholars ? Kibarul Ulema ?

🔊 من معيقات طالب العلم في سيره إلى العلم أخذ العلم عن الأحداث!! ⛔️

❍ قال الشيخ عبدالسلام البرجس - رحمه الله تعالى -

((لقد فشت ظاهرة أخذ العلم عن صغار الأسنان بين طلاب العلم في هذا الزمن ، وهذه الظاهرة في الحقيقة داءٌ عضال ، ومرضٌ مزمن ، يعيق الطالب عن مراده ، ويعوج به عن الطريق السليم الموصل إلى العلم وذلك لأن أخذ العلم عن صغار الأسنان الذين لم ترسخ قدمهم في العلم ، ولم تشب لحاهم فيه، مع وجود من هو أكبر منهم سناً ، وأرسخ قدماً يضعفُ أساس المبتدئ ويَحرِمه الاستفادة من خبرة العلماء الكبار ، واكتساب أخلاقهم التي قوّمها العلم والزمن ... إلى غير ذلك من التعليلات التي يوصي بها أثر ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه حيث يقول : «ولا يزال الناس بخير ما أخذوا العلم عن أكابرهم، وعن أمنائهم، وعلمائهم ، فإذا أخذوه عن صغارهم وشرارهم هلكوا» ،

☜ قال ابن قتيبة ـ فيما نقله الخطيب في نصيحته - (١) : «يريد لا يزال الناس بخير ما كان علماؤهم المشايخ ، ولم يكن علماؤهم الأحداث ؛ لأن الشيخ قد زالت عنه متعة الشباب ، وحِدَّته ، وعجلته ، وسفهه ، واستصحب التجربة والخبرة ، ولا يدخل عليه في علمه الشبهة ، ولا يغلب عليه الهوى ، ولا يميل به الطمع ، ولا يستزله الشيطان استزلال الحَدَث ، فمع السن الوقار والجلالة والهيبة ، والحَدَث قد تدخل عليه هذه الأمور التي أمنت على الشيخ ، فإذا دخلت عليه ، وأفتى هَلك وأهلك» أهـ .

☜ وليس المراد أن يُهجر علم الحَدَث ، ويُنبذ ، كَلا ، وإنما المراد إنزال الناس منازلهم ، فَحَقُّ الحدث النابغ أن ينتفع به في المدارسة والمذاكرة والمباحثة ... أما أن يصدر للفتوى ، ويكتب إليه بالأسئلة ، وتعقد لأجله الحلقات فلا ، وألف لا ، لأن ذلك قتلٌ له وفتنة ،

☜ قال الفضيل بن عياض ـ إمام أهل زمانه في الزهد والفضل ـ : «لو رأيتُ رجلاً اجتمع الناس حوله لقلت : هذا مجنون ، من الذي اجتمع الناس حوله ، لا يحب أن يجود كلامه لهم ،

☜ وقال أيضاً رحمه الله تعالى : بلغني أن العلماء فيما مضى كانوا إذا تعلموا عملوا ، وإذا عملوا شُغلوا ، وإذا شُغلوا فُقدوا ، وإذا فُقدوا طُلبوا ، فإذا طُلبوا هَربوا» (٢) ،

☜ فيا أيها الطلاب : إذا أردتم العلم من منابعه فهاؤم العلماء الكبار الذين شابت لحاهم ونحلت جسومهم ، وذبلت قواهم في طريق العلم والتعليم، الزموهم قبل أن تفقدوهم ، واستخرجوا كنوزهم قبل أن توارى معهم وفي الليلة الظلماء يفتقد البدر)) اهـ .

(١) (ص - ٢٢٩) من المجموعة الكمالية .
(٢) انظر : (سير أعلام النبلاء) (٤٣٤/٨) .

• انظر : رسالة (معيقات سير الطالب إلى العلم) (المعيق الأول : أخذ العلم عن الأحداث) .

• رابط موقع الشيخ - رحمه الله تعالى -